Linda Brown was at the center of the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown vs. Board of Education which ruled racial segregation in schools as unconstitutional.
Linda's father Oliver Brown tried to enroll Linda at the school in the neighborhood where they lived in Topeka. But the Sumner School was an all-white elementary school and its board prohibited Linda from being enrolled.
Linda would have to go to an all-black school many miles from where they lived. Oliver Brown decided to sue the school's board of education together with several other plaintiffs.
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled to strike down the doctrine of "separate but equal." The justices agreed that it violated the 14th Amendment.